To achieve universal healthcare, public healthcare spending will need to increase. But public healthcare financing is not growing fast enough to overcome the funding gap – and sometimes not growing at all. A combination of different funding mechanisms is needed to overcome the funding gap, decrease the over-reliance on out-of-pocket spending, and meet the projected increase in healthcare expenditure.

IIX Foundation examines six high-potential funding mechanisms in the spectrum of healthcare financing options. Together, these form a continuum from donor-based funding, through blended and hybrid funding models with both philanthropic and market-oriented characteristics, to commercial capital markets-based models that have the potential to significantly contribute toward overcoming the current funding gap and finance a foundation for universal healthcare in the future.