Recovering from its 26-year conflict, Sri Lanka has recently achieved lower middle-income status. While this is encouraging, inequality is exasperated by its economic development approach and failure to address the underlying socio-political causes of war. New approaches and interventions are needed to provide post-conflict support that is appropriate to the nation’s level of economic growth, while addressing the emerging risks and vulnerabilities. Within this context of strong growth, social entrepreneurship is seen as an important area for Oxfam (and other International NGOs) to achieve long term, sustainable impact. With about a third of the Sri Lankan population engaging in agricultural activities, the agriculture sector carries the promise of enhancing economic development in Sri Lanka through successful social enterprises (SEs). IIX’s non-profit program management arm, IIX Foundation (formerly Shujog), was engaged by Oxfam to assess the needs of high-impact SMEs in Sri Lanka’s agriculture landscape, analyze the challenges faced in agricultural value chains and identify appropriate strategies of support by development actors. The report also included a mapping of agribusiness accelerators as well as a recommendation for a proposed accelerator model.